In this article medical periodicals published in Turkish in Arabic alphabet between the year 1849, when the first medical periodical was published, and 1928, when the Latin alphabet was accepted, are introduced. First a general history of medical periodicals is given, then each periodical is introduced with its physical characteristics and contents, such as the publisher, editor, publisher's address, office frequency and duration of the publications, press, measurements, whether it's illustrated or not, number of pages and columns and writer's names are given. Utilizing these data, each periodical is criticized. This study is published in two parts and in the end an alphabetical and chronological list of the periodicals and a list classifying the periodicals, according to their subjects, is given. A general survey of the research is made and conclusions based on the data.