When the subway is built in complex urban strata, especially when excavating near buildings, it is necessary to strictly control the freezing amount by adopting artificial freezing method. At present, the theoretical calculation is aimed at the frozen rise under ideal conditions, but for complex geological conditions, the simplified model results are difficult to meet the actual requirements. However, numerical calculation can adapt to complex strata and complex boundary conditions. Therefore, in this paper, the environmental impact of artificial horizontal freezing method in subway connecting passage is studied by numerical simulation, and the change of thermophysical parameters with the change of temperature field is considered in the simulation. The simulation method in this paper provides guidance for actual construction.