Pulmonary Hydatid Cyst (PHC) may represent a real therapeutic challenge. Surgery remains the treatment of choice and postoperative course may be complicated in some cases. Several factors can be involved like the cyst's size and location. We aimed to study the existence of correlation between the radiological aspect of the PHC and the postoperative course through a retrospective study including 267 patients. Different radiological aspect of PHC found on the X-ray and/or computed tomography of the chest were classified according to Zidi et al. Analytical study showed that there is minor chance to have complications with simple cyst (P<0.05 and OR<1), while type VI cyst were more likely to cause complications (P=0.007 and OR=2.6). Considering these results, more attention should be paid to type VI of PHC to prevent postoperative complications. A multicentric study will be more precise to study correlation between different characteristics of the PHC and postoperative course. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.