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Study on the application of unity software in emergency evacuation simulation for elder

Authors
  • Chiu, Yung-Piao1, 2
  • Shiau, Yan-Chyuan3
  • 1 Hwa Hsia Institute of Technology, Department of Digital Media Design, 111, Gongzhuan Rd., Zhonghe Dist, New Taipei City, 23568, Taiwan , New Taipei City (Taiwan)
  • 2 Chung Hua University, Ph. D. Program of Technology Management, 707, WuFu Rd., Sec. 2, Hsichu, 300, Taiwan , Hsichu (Taiwan)
  • 3 Chung Hua University, Department of Construction Management, 707, WuFu Rd., Sec. 2, Hsichu, 300, Taiwan , Hsichu (Taiwan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Artificial Life and Robotics
Publisher
Springer Japan
Publication Date
Apr 22, 2016
Volume
21
Issue
2
Pages
232–238
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10015-016-0277-6
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Whether residents of the buildings on fire can be timely and successfully evacuated is the key to protect the lives of people and the safety of properties. This study aims to investigate the challenges that are caused by group moving behavior and speed when the elderly passes through the doors of different widths in the living rooms during evacuation based on the literatures regarding the horizontal and vertical movement speed of Taiwanese elders. The evacuation simulation model which is developed by the Unity software is applied, and the results obtained are proven to match with the data in the research literature, showing Unity can be used as the basis for the evacuation equipment design and safety performance inspection of nursing homes. The result can be used to simulate evacuation of people if the environment needs to be changed such as adjustment of partitions or furniture arrangement.

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