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Studies on selectin blockers. 4. Structure-function relationships of sulfated sialyl Lewis X hexasaccharide ceramides toward E-, P-, and L-selectin binding.

Authors
  • Yoshino, K
  • Ohmoto, H
  • Kondo, N
  • Tsujishita, H
  • Hiramatsu, Y
  • Inoue, Y
  • Kondo, H
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of medicinal chemistry
Publication Date
Feb 14, 1997
Volume
40
Issue
4
Pages
455–462
Identifiers
PMID: 9046335
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In order to clarify the real ligand structure of L-selectin proposed by Rosen et al., we first synthesized 6-sulfated sLe(x) hexasaccharide ceramide 1, 6'-sulfated sLe(x) hexasaccharide ceramide 2, and 6,6'-disulfated sLe(x) hexasaccharide ceramide 3 and examined their binding avidities for L-selectin. As a result, we found that the 6'-sulfated sLe(x) hexasaccharide ceramides 1-3 have similar binding avidities to L-selectin and their binding to L-selectin appeared somewhat stronger than that of sLe(x). For P-selectin, the sulfated sLe(x) derivatives 1-3 showed a similar avidity to sLe(x). On the other hand, 6-sulfated sLe(x) 2 was recognized to E-selectin and the binding avidity was apparently weak as compared to that of sLe(x) hexasaccharide ceramide. Surprisingly, 6'-sulfated and 6,6'-disulfated sLe(x)s 1 and 3 did not bind to E-selectin at all. We constructed the E-selectin-sLe(x) complex model and investigated the binding mode. Namely, the galactose 6'-position was directed toward the negatively charged residues, Glu80 and Asp100. Our results with E-selectin indicate that the replacement of 6'-OH position from anionic charged group to cationic charged one, e.g., amino groups, could have a marked affect on E-selectin recognition. These results could provide useful information for the drug design of selectin blockers.

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