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Studies on marine oil spills and their ecological damage

Authors
  • Mei, Hong1
  • Yin, Yanjie1
  • 1 Ocean University of China, Law and Politics School, Qingdao, 266003, P. R. China , Qingdao (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Ocean University of China
Publisher
SP Science Press
Publication Date
Jul 25, 2009
Volume
8
Issue
3
Pages
312–316
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11802-009-0312-5
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

The sources of marine oil spills are mainly from accidents of marine oil tankers or freighters, marine oil-drilling platforms, marine oil pipelines, marine oilfields, terrestrial pollution, oil-bearing atmosphere, and offshore oil production equipment. It is concluded upon analysis that there are two main reasons for marine oil spills: (I) The motive for huge economic benefits of oil industry owners and oil shipping agents far surpasses their sense of ecological risks. (II) Marine ecological safety has not become the main concern of national security. Oil spills are disasters because humans spare no efforts to get economic benefits from oil. The present paper draws another conclusion that marine ecological damage caused by oil spills can be roughly divided into two categories: damage to marine resource value (direct value) and damage to marine ecosystem service value (indirect value). Marine oil spills cause damage to marine biological, fishery, seawater, tourism and mineral resources to various extents, which contributes to the lower quality and value of marine resources.

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