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Studies on expression levels of pil Q and fli P genes during bio-electrogenic process in Kluyvera georgiana MCC 3673

Authors
  • Thapa, Bhim Sen1
  • Chandra, T. S.1
  • 1 Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, 600036, India , Chennai (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
3 Biotech
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Publication Date
Jan 28, 2020
Volume
10
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s13205-020-2050-8
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

The bacterium Kluyvera georgiana MCC 3673 transfers electrons directly to the electrode for bio-electricity generation in microbial fuel cell (MFC). This could be due to the formation of biofilm on the surface of electrode or with through the extracellular appendages, or both. The role of extracellular appendages pili and flagella in exo-electron transfer mechanism was investigated. The expression level of the genes fli P and pil Q for pili and flagella, respectively, in K. georgiana MCC 3673 was compared in MFC and in shake flask. The transcript analysis was done by qRT-PCR at different times and conditions. The expression level of pil Q transcript in K. georgiana MCC 3673 showed over twofold higher expression during bio-electrogenic process, compared to the one inoculated in shake flask. Similarly, fli P had also showed similar kind of expression in MFC compared to that in shake flask. Higher level of pil Q and fli P transcripts were observed throughout bio-electrogenic process. The level of pil Q was found to be nearly fourfold higher in biofilm-forming cells forming compared to the cells in suspension form. The obtained results suggest that flagella have a role in movement of bacterium towards electrode for donating the electron in absence of oxygen, and pili aiding in adhering on the surface of electrode and forming biofilm. The cumulative effect of fli P and pil Q resulted in exo-electron transfer to the electrode and bio-electricity generation process. The open circuit potential (OCV) of + 0.7 V was produced with the maximum power density of 393 ± 14 mW/m2 in MFC.

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