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Studies on commuters' exposure to BTEX in passenger cars in Kolkata, India.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Science of The Total Environment
0048-9697
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
372
Issue
2-3
Pages
426–432
Identifiers
PMID: 17113131
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Commuters' exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) especially BTEX travelling in passenger cars in Kolkata, India were quantified in Phase I (2001-2002) and Phase II (2003-2004). Monitoring was made inside and in the immediate outside of passenger cars fitted with and without catalytic converters using different types of fuels, along two congested urban routes. During Phase I of the study, the benzene content in gasoline was 5% and the mean concentration of in-vehicle benzene in cars without catalytic converter was found to be as high as 721.2 microg/m3. In Phase II when the benzene content was reduced to <3% and with modified engine type, the mean in-vehicle benzene concentration was reduced to 112.4 microg/m3. The in-vehicle concentration varied with engine type and age of the vehicle. Roadside ambient mean concentration of benzene was 214.8 microg/m3 and 30.8 microg/m3 in Phase I and Phase II respectively.

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