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Structure and origin of a snapback defective interfering particle RNA of vesicular stomatitis virus.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of virology
Publication Date
Volume
37
Issue
2
Pages
661–672
Identifiers
PMID: 6261012
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The nucleotide sequence of the region which covalently links the complementary strands of the "snapback" RNA of vesicular stomatitis virus, DI011, is (Formula: see text). Both strands of the defective interfering (DI) particle RNA were complementary for their full length and were covalently linked by a single phosphate group. Because the strands were exactly the same length and complementary, template strand and daughter strand nucleocapsids generated during replication of DI 011 were undistinguishable on the basis of sequence, a property not shared by other types of DI particle RNAs. Treatment of the RNA with RNase T1 in high-ionic-strength solutions cleaved the RNA only between positions 1 and 1'. These results and the availability of the guanosine residue in position 1' to kethoxal, a reagent that specifically derivatizes guanosines of single-stranded RNA, suggest that steric constraints keep a small portion of the "turnaround" region in an open configuration. The sequence of the turnaround region was not related in any obvious way to the sequences at the 3' and 5' termini and limited the number of possible models for the origin of this type of DI particle RNA. Two models for the genesis of DI 011 RNA are discussed. We favor one in which the progenitor DI 011 RNA was generated by replication across a nascent replication fork.

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