The structure of native and modified uracil DNA glycosylase from E. coli in solution was studied by synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering. The modified enzyme (6His-uracyl DNA glycosylase) differs from the native one by the presence of an additional N-terminal 11-meric sequence amino acid residues including a block of six His residues. It was found that the conformations of these enzymes in solution at moderate ionic strength (60 mM NaCI) substantially differ in spite of minimal differences in the amino acid sequences and functional activity. The structure of native uracil DNA glycosylase in solution is close to that in crystal, showing a tendency for association. The interaction of this enzyme with nonhydrolyzable analogues of DNA ligands causes a partial dissociation of associates and a compactization of protein structure. At the same time, 6His-uracyl DNA glycosylase has a compact structure essentially different from the crystal one. A decrease in the ionic strength of solution results in a partial disruption of compact structure of the modified protein, without changes in its functional activity.