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Structural Design and Synthesis of an [email protected]@Co-NC Composite as a High-Performance Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Authors
  • Li, Qiongguang
  • Wang, Yanhong
  • Tan, Qiangqiang
  • Zhong, Ziyi
  • Su, Fabing
Publication Date
Sep 16, 2020
Source
Institutional Repository of Institute of Process Engineering, CAS (IPE-IR)
Keywords
License
Unknown
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Abstract

To overcome the drawbacks of the structural instability and poor conductivity of SnO2-based anode materials, a hollow core-shell-structured [email protected]@Co-NC (NC=N-doped carbon) composite was designed and synthesized by employing the heteroatom-doping and multiconfinement strategies. This composite material showed a much-reduced resistance to charge transfer and excellent cycling performance compared to the bare SnO(2)nanoparticles and [email protected] composites. The doped heteroatoms and heterostructure boost the charge transfer, and the porous structure shortens the Li-ion diffusion pathway. Also, the volume expansion of SnO(2)NPs is accommodated by the hollow space and restricted by the multishell heteroatom-doped carbon framework. As a result, this structured anode material delivered a high initial capacity of 1559.1 mA h g(-1)at 50 mA g(-1)and an initial charge capacity of 627.2 mA h g(-1)at 500 mA g(-1). Moreover, the discharge capacity could be maintained at 410.8 mA h g(-1)after 500 cycles with an attenuation rate of only 0.069 % per cycle. This multiconfined [email protected]@Co-NC structure with superior energy density and durable lifespan is highly promising for the next-generation lithium-ion batteries.

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