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Structural characterization of the major glycosylphosphatidylinositol membrane-anchored glycoprotein from epimastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi Y-strain.

Authors
  • Previato, J O
  • Jones, C
  • Xavier, M T
  • Wait, R
  • Travassos, L R
  • Parodi, A J
  • Mendonça-Previato, L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Publisher
American Society for Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (ASBMB)
Publication Date
Mar 31, 1995
Volume
270
Issue
13
Pages
7241–7250
Identifiers
PMID: 7706263
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We have investigated the structure of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor and the O-linked glycan chains of the 40/45-kDa glycoprotein from the cell surface of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. This glycoconjugate is the major acceptor for sialic acid transferred by trans-sialidase of T. cruzi Y-strain, epimastigote form. The GPI anchor was liberated by treatment with hot alkali, and the phosphoinositol-oligosaccharide moiety was characterized and shown to have the following structure. [formula: see text] Unusually the glucosamine was 6-O-substituted with 2-aminoethylphosphonate, and 2-aminoethylphosphonate was also present on the third mannose residue distal to glucosamine, partially replacing the ethanolamine phosphate. The beta-eliminated reduced oligosaccharide chains showed that two novel classes of O-linked N-acetylglucosamine oligosaccharide were present. The first series had the structures Galp beta 1-3GlcNAc-ol; Galp beta 1-6(Galp beta 1-3)GlcNAc-ol; and Galp beta 1-2Galp beta 1-6(Galp beta 1-3)GlcNAc-ol, whereas the other series had a 1-4 linkage to N-acetylglucosaminitol and had structures Galp beta 1-4GlcNAc-ol, Galp beta 1-6(Galp beta 1-4)GlcNAc-ol, and Galp beta 1-2Galp beta 1-6(Galp beta 1-4)GlcNAc-ol. We have also investigated the kinetics of in vitro sialylation of these O-linked oligosaccharides by the T. cruzi transsialidase and have shown that incorporation of one molecule of sialic acid hinders entry of a second molecule when two potential acceptor sites are present.

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