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Structural and vibrational studies of molecular conductors using quantum mechanical methods: 1,3-Dithiole-2-thione, 1,3-dithiole-2-one, 1,3-dioxole-2-one and 1,3-dioxole-2-thione.

Authors
  • Jaiswal, S1
  • Kushwaha, A
  • Prasad, R
  • Prasad, R L
  • Yadav, R A
  • 1 Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India. , (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy
Publication Date
Sep 15, 2009
Volume
74
Issue
1
Pages
16–25
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.saa.2009.02.042
PMID: 19539519
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Computations were carried out by employing the RHF and density functional theory (DFT) methods to investigate the geometries, atomic charges, harmonic vibrational frequencies for the 1,3-dithiole-2-thione (DTT), 1,3-dithiole-2-one (DTO), 1,3-dioxole-2-thione (DOT) and 1,3-dioxole-2-one (DOO) molecules and their radical cations. The geometrical parameters and atomic charges on various atomic sites of the DTT and DOT molecules and their radical cations suggest extended conjugation in these systems. Contrary to this, for the DOO(+) and DTO(+) ions there is no evidence in favour of such conjugation, however, the neutral molecules exhibit some conjugation. Harmonic forced field and vibrational mode calculations provided convincing theoretical evidence for the reassignment of some fundamental vibrational modes for all the four molecules. In going from the neutral species to the charged ions for all the four cases the CC stretching frequency is found to decrease drastically. The CS stretching frequency reduces drastically for the DTT and DOT molecules as compared to their radical cations whereas the CO stretching frequency is found to increase in going from the neutral molecule to its radical cation for the DOO and DTO molecules. The ring stretching mode with a(1) symmetry and CC and CO/S stretching modes in these molecules appear to help in conversion of neutral molecule into respective radical cation and neighbouring radical cation into respective neutral molecule. Thus, there appears the feasibility of stretching vibrational mode coupling with electron transfer.

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