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Stromal cells maintain the radioprotective capacity of CFU-S during retroviral infection.

Authors
  • Goncalves, F
  • Dubart, A
  • Lacout, C
  • Vainchenker, W
  • Duménil, D
Type
Published Article
Journal
Gene Therapy
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Sep 01, 1996
Volume
3
Issue
9
Pages
761–768
Identifiers
PMID: 8875223
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Retroviral vectors provide an efficient means to introduce genes into hematopoietic stem cells. In order to develop retroviral infection protocols which preserve the radioprotective capacity of CFU-S, we designed a clonal hematopoietic reconstitution assay. In this assay, single CFU-S-derived derived colonies from bone marrow cells of 5-FU-treated mice were tested for their capacity to prevent radiation-induced mortality. Three parameters which may modify stem cell potential were tested in infection protocols using a retroviral vector containing the gene for neomycin resistance: (1) the partition of stem cells between the adherent and nonadherent fraction; (2) the replacement of the packaging cell line by a "competent' stromal cell line; and (3) the effects of G418 selection. All CFU-S having radioprotective capacity were found in the adherent fraction when the packaging cell line or the stromal cell line (MS-5) chosen for its capacity to maintain long-term bone marrow culture were used during the co-culture. The neo resistance gene was transduced into CFU-S with the same efficiency using co-culture with the packaging cell line or co-culture with the MS-5 cell line plus viral supernatant. However, in the presence of MS-5, a much higher proportion of CFU-S (70% versus 30%) had radioprotective properties, suggesting an important role for the stromal cells in the maintenance of hematopoietic reconstituting ability. Finally, G418 selection, even for a limited period (24 h), significantly decreased the radioprotective capacities of CFU-S (56% versus 18%). Subsequently, hematopoietic reconstitution by single CFU-S was quantified in recipient mice. The progeny of CFU-S were found at a significant level in the blood, spleen and bone marrow in 38% and 15% of mice, 1 and 3 months after transplantation, respectively. These results demonstrate that we have substantially improved the infection protocol. Under these conditions of infection, it is possible to conserve CFU-S properties and to transduce a gene into a stem cell with short-term hematopoietic reconstitution potential.

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