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Iliopsoas Impingement: A Newly Identified Cause of Labral Pathology in the Hip

Authors
  • Domb, Benjamin G.1
  • Shindle, Michael K.2
  • McArthur, Benjamin3
  • Voos, James E.3
  • Magennis, Erin M.3
  • Kelly, Bryan T.3
  • 1 1010 Executive Court, Hinsdale Orthopedics, Suite 250,, Westmont, IL, 60559, USA , Westmont (United States)
  • 2 Summit Medical Group, 1 Diamond Hill Road, Berkely Heights, NJ, 07922, USA , Berkely Heights (United States)
  • 3 Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY, 10021, USA , New York (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
HSS Journal ®
Publisher
Springer New York
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2011
Volume
7
Issue
2
Pages
145–150
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11420-011-9198-z
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Labral tears typically occur anterosuperiorly in association with femoroacetabular impingement or dysplasia. Less commonly, labral pathology may occur in an atypical direct anterior location adjacent to the iliopsoas tendon in the absence of bony abnormalities. We hypothesize that this pattern of injury is related to compression or traction on the anterior capsulo-labral complex by the iliopsoas tendon where it crosses the acetabular rim. In a retrospective review of prospectively collected data, we identified 25 patients that underwent isolated, primary, unilateral iliopsoas release and presented for at least 1 year follow-up (mean 21 months). Pre-operative demographics, clinical presentation, intra-operative findings, and outcome questionnaires were analyzed. The injury was treated with a tenotomy of the iliopsoas tendon at the level of the joint line and either labral debridement or repair. Mean post-operative outcome scores were 87.17, 92.46, and 78.8 for the modified Harris Hip Score, activities of daily living Hip Outcome Score, and sports-related score, respectively. The atypical labral injury identified in this study appears to represent a distinct pathological entity, psoas impingement, with an etiology which has not been previously described.

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