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Strategies to reduce the caesarean section rate in a private hospital and their impact

  • Negrini, Romulo1
  • D’Albuquerque, Izabella Mikaella Souza C...1
  • de Cássia Sanchez e Oliveira, Rita1, 2
  • Ferreira, Raquel Domingues da Silva1
  • De Stefani, Luciana Francine Bocchi1
  • Podgaec, Sergio1
  • 1 Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil , Sao Paulo (Brazil)
  • 2 TAGIDES - Unidade de Ultrassonografia, São Paulo, Brazil , São Paulo (Brazil)
Published Article
BMJ Open Quality
BMJ Publishing Group
Publication Date
Aug 12, 2021
DOI: 10.1136/bmjoq-2020-001215
PMID: 34385187
PMCID: PMC8362699
PubMed Central
  • 1506


There is a concern around the world of an increasing caesarean section rate. It was estimated that between 2010 and 2015, caesarean section rates increased by almost 50%. There are several implications for this, considering that caesarean sections are associated with higher costs and worse clinical outcomes. In this context, several interventions have been considered to increase vaginal delivery rates, including the Adequate Childbirth Project (PPA) in Brazil. This study aimed to verify the impact of the strategies adopted internally in the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein (HIAE) located in São Paulo, Brazil, regarding the reduction of caesarean sections and their perinatal results. Actions to support our study were implemented in two phases based on the PPA schedule. These actions involved three axes: a multidisciplinary team, pregnant women and facility improvements. All pregnant women admitted for childbirth at the HIAE between 2014 and 2019 were included in this study. The overall rate of vaginal delivery in this study population and among primiparous women and the percentage of admissions to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were analysed in three periods: before the implementation of PPA actions (period A), after the first phase of the project (period B) and after its second phase (period C). The results showed an increase in the average vaginal delivery rate from 23.57% in period A to 27.88% in period B, and to 30.06% in period C (AxB, p<0.001; BxC, p=0.004). There was a decrease in the average of NICU admissions over the periods (period A 19.22%, period B 18.71% and period C 13.22%); a significant reduction was observed when periods B and C (p<0.001) were compared.

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