BackgroundIleum obstruction due to internal hernia beneath external iliac artery after pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is extremely rare. We reported a case of acute strangulated internal hernia between the left external iliac artery and psoas major as late complication of laparoscopic hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy.Case presentationA 46-year-old woman, who with histories of laparoscopic hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and PLND 9 years ago for the cervical malignant tumor, open appendectomy 18 years ago, visited our hospital complaining of aggravated left lower abdominal pain, bloating, nausea and vomiting from few hours ago. Left abdomen distention, tympanitic with rebound tenderness and muscular tension was detected during physical examinations. Accompanying with elevated inflammatory markers and mild intestinal dilatation showed in lab results and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) respectively. After carefully reading the CT images, a small bowel was found between the left external iliac artery (EIA) and the psoas major, combined with the patient's surgical history, we suspected it might be internal hernia. Eventually, the emergency laparoscopic laparotomy confirmed our conjecture, the gap between the iliac vessels and the psoas major was closed with an absorbable suture, the patient was discharged on the fourth postoperative day.ConclusionPrimary closure of peritoneal fissue maybe an effective measure to potentially prevent internal hernia. The choice of surgical approach for pelvic tumors still needs further exploration but faster diagnosis and immediate laparotomy might promise a better prognosis.