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Strange stars and superbursts at near-Eddington mass accretion rates

  • Sinha, Monika
  • Ray, Subharthi
  • Dey, Mira
  • Dey, Jishnu
Publication Date
Sep 16, 2005
Submission Date
Apr 13, 2005
arXiv ID: astro-ph/0504292
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Careful assessment of four good superburst candidates for GX 17+2 reveals that superburst is possible at near Eddington mass accretion rates. For the other seven stars, where superburst is found, there is the standard model of burning accumulated carbon from normal type I bursts of the accreting stars. However, there is the need for carbon, nitrogen and oxygen mass fraction (Z_{CNO}) which must be larger than Z_{CNO,\odot}, where the latter refers to the standard value found in the sun. Also it is very difficult to incorporate GX 17+2 into the standard picture of superbursts. In case of superbursts from strange stars, arising from broken quark pairs going over to diquarks at the surface of the star, these problems do not arise. Furthermore there is a natural explanation for the large value of ~ 1000 for \alpha which is defined in the literature as the ratio of energy released between normal bursts to the energy released during the normal burst. In the scenario for superbursts in strange stars it may be argued that the relatively smaller value of \alpha of ~ 440 indicates frequent recurrence of superbursts which is reflected in 4U 1636-53.

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