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Strain background determines lymphoma incidence in Atm knockout mice.

Authors
  • Genik, Paula C
  • Bielefeldt-Ohmann, Helle
  • Liu, Xianan
  • Story, Michael D
  • Ding, Lianghao
  • Bush, Jamie M
  • Fallgren, Christina M
  • Weil, Michael M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Neoplasia
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2014
Volume
16
Issue
2
Pages
129–136
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1593/neo.131980
PMID: 24709420
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

About 10% to 30% of patients with ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) develop leukemias or lymphomas. There is considerable interpatient variation in the age of onset and leukemia/lymphoma type. The incomplete penetrance and variable age of onset may be attributable to several factors. These include competing mortality from other A-T-associated pathologies, particularly neurodegeneration and interstitial lung disease, allele-specific effects of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene mutations. There is also limited evidence from clinical observations and studies using Atm knockout mice that modifier genes may account for some variation in leukemia/lymphoma susceptibility. We have introgressed the Atm(tm1Awb) knockout allele (Atm(-)) onto several inbred murine strains and observed differences in thymic lymphoma incidence and latency between Atm(-/-) mice on the different strain backgrounds and between their F1 hybrids. The lymphomas that arose in these mice had a pattern of sequence gains and losses that were similar to those previously described by others. These results provide further evidence for the existence of modifier genes controlling lymphomagenesis in individuals carrying defective copies of Atm, at least in mice, the characterized Atm(-) congenic strain set provides a resource with which to identify these genes. In addition, we found that fewer than expected Atm(-/-) pups were weaned on two strain backgrounds and that there was no correlation between body weight of young Atm-/- mice and lymphoma incidence or latency.

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