Affordable Access

deepdyve-link deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Stereotype threat can reduce older adults' memory errors.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Quarterly journal of experimental psychology (2006)
Publication Date
Volume
66
Issue
10
Pages
1888–1895
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2013.840656
PMID: 24131297
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Stereotype threat often incurs the cost of reducing the amount of information that older adults accurately recall. In the current research, we tested whether stereotype threat can also benefit memory. According to the regulatory focus account of stereotype threat, threat induces a prevention focus in which people become concerned with avoiding errors of commission and are sensitive to the presence or absence of losses within their environment. Because of this, we predicted that stereotype threat might reduce older adults' memory errors. Results were consistent with this prediction. Older adults under stereotype threat had lower intrusion rates during free-recall tests (Experiments 1 and 2). They also reduced their false alarms and adopted more conservative response criteria during a recognition test (Experiment 2). Thus, stereotype threat can decrease older adults' false memories, albeit at the cost of fewer veridical memories, as well.

Statistics

Seen <100 times