The reaction of enol(ate)s with electrophiles is used extensively in organic synthesis for stereoselective C-C bond formation. Protein-based catalysts have had comparatively limited application for the stereoselective formation of C-C bonds of choice via enolate chemistry. We describe protein engineering studies on 5-carboxymethylproline synthases, members of the crotonase superfamily, aimed at enabling stereoselective C-C bond formation leading to N-heterocycles via control of trisubstituted enolate intermediates. Active site substitutions, including at the oxyanion binding site, enable the production of substituted N-heterocycles in high diastereomeric excesses via stereocontrolled enolate formation and reaction. The results reveal the potential of the ubiquitous crotonase superfamily as adaptable catalysts for the control of enolate chemistry.