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Stent supported angioplasty in Takayasu arteritis.

Authors
  • Bali, H K
  • Jain, S
  • Jain, A
  • Sharma, B K
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Cardiology
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Oct 01, 1998
Volume
66 Suppl 1
Identifiers
PMID: 9951822
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Eleven patients with Takayasu Arteritis (TA) underwent angioplasty and stent placement in aorta, renal, carotid, subclavian and coronary arteries. Five wall stents were deployed in aorta in four patients. Indications for angioplasty and stent placement in aorta included hypertension in four patients and claudication and erectile impotence in one patient each. Post-procedure the peak systolic pressure gradient across the stenotic segment in the aorta disappeared. Six patients underwent angioplasty and stent placement in carotid arteries. Indications were syncope in 6 patients, loss of vision, stroke, transient ischaemic attack and seizures in one patients each. There was a marked improvement in symptoms in the patients following the procedure. For chronic total occlusion of subclavian arteries, two stents were deployed in two patients. Following the stent placement pulses in upper limb reappeared. Stents were also deployed to treat near total occlusion of right coronary artery and flow limited dissection of renal artery in one patient each. Complications of the procedure included pain in the back, mild hypertension, transient bradycardia and conduction block in one patient each. In conclusion, the stenotic and obliterative vascular lesions in TA can be managed successfully with angioplasty and stent placement. A long term follow up is required to determine the re-stenosis rate.

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