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Stem cells in the periodontal ligament differentiated into osteogenic, fibrogenic and cementogenic lineages for the regeneration of the periodontal complex.

Authors
  • Liu, Jin1
  • Zhao, Zeqing2
  • Ruan, Jianping3
  • Weir, Michael D4
  • Ma, Tao5
  • Ren, Ke6
  • Schneider, Abraham7
  • Oates, Thomas W4
  • Li, Ang8
  • Zhao, Liang9
  • Xu, Hockin H K10
  • 1 Key Laboratory of Shannxi Province for Craniofacial Precision Medicine Research, College of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shannxi, 710004, China; Clinical Research Center of Shannxi Province for Dental and Maxillofacial Diseases, College of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shannxi, 710004, China; Department of Advanced Oral Sciences and Therapeutics, University of Maryland Dental School, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA. , (China)
  • 2 Department of Advanced Oral Sciences and Therapeutics, University of Maryland Dental School, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA; Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. , (China)
  • 3 Key Laboratory of Shannxi Province for Craniofacial Precision Medicine Research, College of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shannxi, 710004, China; Clinical Research Center of Shannxi Province for Dental and Maxillofacial Diseases, College of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shannxi, 710004, China. , (China)
  • 4 Department of Advanced Oral Sciences and Therapeutics, University of Maryland Dental School, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.
  • 5 Department of Oncology and Diagnostic Sciences, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, USA.
  • 6 Department of Neural and Pain Sciences, School of Dentistry, & Program in Neuroscience, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.
  • 7 Department of Oncology and Diagnostic Sciences, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, USA; Member, Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.
  • 8 Key Laboratory of Shannxi Province for Craniofacial Precision Medicine Research, College of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shannxi, 710004, China; Clinical Research Center of Shannxi Province for Dental and Maxillofacial Diseases, College of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shannxi, 710004, China. Electronic address: [email protected] , (China)
  • 9 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510515, China. Electronic address: [email protected] , (China)
  • 10 Department of Advanced Oral Sciences and Therapeutics, University of Maryland Dental School, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA; Member, Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA; Center for Stem Cell Biology & Regenerative Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA. Electronic address: [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of dentistry
Publication Date
Dec 03, 2019
Pages
103259–103259
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jdent.2019.103259
PMID: 31809792
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) are promising for periodontal regeneration. However, to date, there has been no report of hPDLSC differentiation into the fibrogenic lineage. There has been no report demonstrating hPDLSC differentiation into all three (osteogenic, fibrogenic and cementogenic fibrogenic) lineages in the same report. The objectives of this study were to harvest hPDLSCs from the periodontal ligaments (PDL) of the extracted human teeth, and use the same vial of hPDLSCs to differentiate into all three (osteogenic, fibrogenic and cementogenic) lineages for the first time. hPDLSCs were harvested from PDL tissues of the extracted premolars. The ability of hPDLSCs to form bone, cementum and collagen fibers was tested in culture mediums. Gene expressions were analyzed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Immunofluorescence, alizarin red (ARS), Xylenol orange, picro sirius red staining (PSRS), alcian blue staining (ABS) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining were evaluated. In osteogenic medium, hPDLSCs had high expressions of osteogenic genes (RUNX2, ALP, OPN and COL1) at 14 and 21 days (15-20 folds of that of control), and produced mineral nodules and ALP activity (5 and 10 folds those of the control). hPDLSCs in fibrogenic medium expressed high levels of PDL fibrogenic genes (COL1, COL3, FSP-1, PLAP-1 and Elastin) at 28 days (20-70 folds of control). They were stained strongly with F-actin and fibronection, and secreted PDL collagen fibers (5 folds of control). hPDLSCs in cementogenic medium showed high expressions of cementum genes (CAP, CEMP1 and BSP) at 21 days (10-15 folds of control) and synthesized mineralized cementum (50 folds via ABS, and 40 folds via ALP staining, compared to those of control). hPDLSCs differentiated into bone-, fiber- and cementum-forming cells, with potential for regeneration of periodontium to form the bone-PDL-cementum complex. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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