Stem cells under the influence of alcohol: effects of ethanol consumption on stem/progenitor cells

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Stem cells under the influence of alcohol: effects of ethanol consumption on stem/progenitor cells

Authors
  • Di Rocco, Giuliana
  • Baldari, Silvia
  • Pani, Giovambattista
  • Toietta, Gabriele
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Oct 21, 2018
Volume
76
Issue
2
Pages
231–244
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00018-018-2931-8
PMID: 30306211
Source
MyScienceWork
Keywords
Funders
  • ERAB: The European Foundation for Alcohol Research
License
Green

Abstract

Stem cells drive embryonic and fetal development. In several adult tissues, they retain the ability to self-renew and differentiate into a variety of specialized cells, thus contributing to tissue homeostasis and repair throughout life span. Alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk for several diseases and conditions. Growing and developing tissues are particularly vulnerable to alcohol's influence, suggesting that stem-and progenitor-cell function could be affected. Accordingly , recent studies have revealed the possible relevance of alcohol exposure in impairing stem-cell properties, consequently affecting organ development and injury response in different tissues. Here, we review the main studies describing the effects of alcohol on different types of progenitor/stem cells including neuronal, hepatic, intestinal and adventitial progenitor cells, bone-marrow-derived stromal cell, dental pulp, embryonic and hematopoietic stem cells, and tumor-initiating cells. A better understanding of the nature of the cellular damage induced by chronic and episodic heavy (binge) drinking is critical for the improvement of current therapeutic strategies designed to treat patients suffering from alcohol-related disorders.

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