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The Status of First Aid and Its Associations with Health Outcomes among Patients with Traffic Accidents in Urban Areas of Vietnam

Authors
  • Mai, Hue Thi1
  • Vu, Hai Minh
  • Ngo, Tam Thi1
  • Vu, Giang Thu
  • Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi2
  • Hoang, Men Thi3
  • Tran, Bach Xuan1,
  • Latkin, Carl A.
  • Ho, Cyrus S. H.
  • Ho, Roger C. M.4, 5
  • 1 (B.X.T.)
  • 2 Faculty of Nursing, Duy Tan University, Danang 550000, Vietnam
  • 3 Faculty of Pharmacy, Duy Tan University, Danang 550000, Vietnam
  • 4 Institute for Health Innovation and Technology (iHealthtech), National University of Singapore, Singapore 119077, Singapore
  • 5 y 700000, Vietnam
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Jun 26, 2020
Volume
17
Issue
12
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17124600
PMID: 32604838
PMCID: PMC7344911
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Article
License
Green

Abstract

While it is well-evident that proper first aid would significantly promote survival and later treatment outcomes, little attention has been paid to improving its capacity in Vietnam. Thus, we conducted this study to assess the status of first aid and its associations with health outcomes among patients in traffic accidents in urban areas of Vietnam. We conducted a cross-sectional study on 413 patients in traffic accidents from October to December 2018 at six hospitals in Thai Binh province. Socio-demographics, first aid characteristics, and health outcomes were collected via face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire. We used a chi-square test to determine the differences in health outcomes among those who received first aid and those without. In addition, a multivariable regression was performed to determine the factors associated with first aid. The results indicated that less than half of the patients received first aid (48.1%), and only one fourth received first aid within 10 min after an accident. The proportions of having problems with mobility, self-care, usual activities, and pain/discomfort were significantly lower among those who received first aid compared to those without it. The regression model showed that those with multiple injuries were less likely to receive first aid.

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