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Starvation-induced programmed death of hybridoma cells: Prevention by amino acid mixtures.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biotechnology and bioengineering
Publication Date
Volume
45
Issue
1
Pages
86–90
Identifiers
PMID: 18623055
Source
Medline

Abstract

Association of the availability of nutrients with the phenomenon of programmed cell death-apoptosis-was investigated using hybridoma cells cultured in protein-free medium under conditions of starvation, i.e., in RPMl-1640 medium diluted to 50% with saline. Amino acid mixtures, such as MEM essential amino acids or MEM nonessential amino acids were found to prevent starvation death significantly when added to the diluted medium in 1 to 2 mM concentrations, the MEM vitamin mixture was ineffective, and glutamine displayed a moderate growth-supporting effect. The specific monoclonal antibody production rate in cultures supplemented with amino acid mixtures was strikingly low, whereas supplementation with glutamine alone or simultaneously with other amino acids resulted in a specific antibody production rate comparable with the rate observed in undiluted medium. (c) 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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