An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to measure antibodies to infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) in chickens. The results are reported in IBV standard ELISA values calculated by comparing antibody levels in test sera with antibody levels in a series of standard reference sera. The IBV standard ELISA values were good indicators of responses to vaccination and the immune status of experimentally challenged birds. Although the assay was not serotype-specific, the sensitivity makes it ideally suited for determining the immune status of poultry flocks. The assay results compared favorably with other laboratory results, including virus-neutralization titers, hemagglutination-inhibition levels in sera, virus isolation from vaccinated/challenged birds, and the tracheal ring test results.