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Stability and photochemical properties of vanadate-trapped nucleotide complexes of gizzard myosin in the 6S and 10S conformations: identification of an active-site serine.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemistry
Publication Date
Volume
31
Issue
27
Pages
6186–6192
Identifiers
PMID: 1385724
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The properties of divalent metal.ADP.vanadate (V(i)) complexes of the 6S extended and 10S folded conformations of gizzard myosin before and after UV irradiation have been studied. The half-lives of both 6S and 10S myosin.MgADP.V(i) complexes in the dark at 0 degrees C are on the order of 2 weeks. Brief irradiation with UV light, however, photomodified the enzyme as suggested by changes in the NH(4+)-, K(+)-, and Ca(2+)-ATPase activities, and destabilized the complexes. The 6S complex, when irradiated, released ADP and V(i) rapidly (t1/2 less than or equal to 1 min) as has been observed in comparable experiments with skeletal myosin subfragment 1 (S1) [Grammer et al. (1988) Biochemistry 27, 8408-8415]. The irradiated 10S complex released approximately 20% of the ADP and V(i) rapidly (t1/2 less than or equal to 1 min), but the remainder stayed trapped, possibly as the vanadyl (VO2+).ADP complex, for much longer times (t1/2 approximately 8 h). The site of photomodification was sought by reducing both photomodified 6S and 10S myosin with NaB3H4. Amino acid composition analyses identified [3H]serine as the only labeled residue(s), suggesting that the hydroxymethyl group of serine had been oxidized to an aldehyde as shown previously for photomodified skeletal myosin S1 [Cremo et al. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 6608-6611]. The 29-kDa NH2-terminal tryptic peptide from the heavy chain was found to contain essentially all of the [3H]serine. Preparations of 6S and 10S [3H]myosin were digested exhaustively with trypsin. An identical [3H]peptide was purified from each preparation and its sequence determined to be Glu169-Asp-Gln-Ser-Ile-Leu-(Cys)-Thr-Gly-[3H]Ser-Gly-Ala-Gly-Ly s183.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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