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Splenic Epstein-Barr virus-associated inflammatory pseudotumor

Authors
  • Van Baeten, Chris
  • Van Dorpe, Jo
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2017
Source
Ghent University Institutional Archive
Keywords
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Unknown
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Abstract

Splenic inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is an uncommon lesion with an inflammatory morphologic aspect that often poses a diagnostic challenge. The etiology of IPT can be infectious, autoimmune, reactive, or neoplastic. Splenic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated IPTs form a subset of splenic IPTs in which there is a spindle cell component infected by EBV. The best characterized and most frequent subgroup of splenic EBV-associated IPT is IPT-like follicular dendritic cell tumor. This review also focusses on EBV-associated splenic IPTs without follicular dendritic cell marker expression. These lesions are less well characterized, making the differential diagnosis with other splenic lesions even more difficult. Recently, increased numbers of immunoglobulin G4-positive plasma cells and the presence of numerous granulomas have been reported in EBV-associated IPTs, and this can add to the difficulties in recognizing the neoplastic nature of these lesions. Herein, we also review the epidemiology, clinical features, histologic morphology, immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, and pathogenesis of EBV-associated IPTs.

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