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Spiritual Needs and Influencing Factors of Indonesian Muslims With Cancer During Hospitalization.

Authors
  • Sastra, Lenni1
  • Büssing, Arndt2
  • Chen, Ching-Huey3
  • Yen, Miaofen4
  • Lin, Esther Ching-Lan4
  • 1 STIKes Mercubaktijaya Padang, Siteba-Padang, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia. , (Cuba)
  • 2 Witten/Herdecke University, Witten, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 3 Chang Jung Christian University, Tainan City.
  • 4 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Tainan.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of transcultural nursing : official journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
Publication Date
May 01, 2021
Volume
32
Issue
3
Pages
212–220
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1043659620908926
PMID: 32167014
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Introduction: Although Muslims constitute nearly one fourth of the global population, many non-Muslims are not familiar with Islam. To address this unique need from such a specific cultural context, the present study aimed to examine the spiritual needs and influencing factors of Indonesian Muslims with cancer. Method: A cross-sectional research design with 122 cancer patients was conducted by using the Bahasa-version Spiritual Needs Questionnaire. Results: The degree of spiritual needs was generally high. Religious needs were the strongest aspect, and "praying five times a day" was the highest scoring item. Gender (p = .04), age (p = .01), and duration of being diagnosed with cancer (p = .01) were associated with spiritual needs. Female gender (p = .005) and older age (p < .001) were predictors of spiritual needs. Discussion: As expected to provide cultural-congruent spiritual interventions, nurses could meet Muslim patients' need to pray five times a day during hospitalization, thus help them manage and endure the illness.

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