Twenty-seven patients with severe tuberculous kyphosis have been treated at the National Murayama Hospital between 1966 and 1977. We have undertaken curettage of the foci and vertebral osteotomy through an anterior approach, followed by gradual correction with a halo pelvic distraction apparatus and subsequent vertebral fusion. Choice of this method depends upon the age of the patient, the degree of kyphosis before correction, and the presence of concomitant lesions. Details of postoperative management are given and their importance is emphasized. The major risks of correction are discussed and precautions suggested.