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Spectroscopy of stripe order in La1.8Sr0.2NiO4 using resonant soft x-ray diffraction

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Type
Preprint
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Identifiers
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.156402
arXiv ID: cond-mat/0502357
Source
arXiv
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Abstract

Strong resonant enhancements of the charge-order and spin-order superstructure-diffraction intensities in La1.8Sr0.2NiO4 are observed when x-ray energies in the vicinity of the Ni L2,3 absorption edges are used. The pronounced photon-energy and polarization dependences of these diffraction intensities allow for a critical determination of the local symmetry of the ordered spin and charge carriers. We found that not only the antiferromagnetic order but also the charge-order superstructure resides within the NiO2 layers; the holes are mainly located on in-plane oxygens surrounding a Ni2+ site with the spins coupled antiparallel in close analogy to Zhang-Rice singlets in the cuprates.

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