# Spectral measure of heavy tailed band and covariance random matrices

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- Preprint
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- DOI: 10.1007/s00220-009-0822-4
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- arXiv
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## Abstract

We study the asymptotic behavior of the appropriately scaled and possibly perturbed spectral measure $\mu$ of large random real symmetric matrices with heavy tailed entries. Specifically, consider the N by N symmetric matrix $Y_N^\sigma$ whose (i,j) entry is $\sigma(i/N,j/N)X_{ij}$ where $(X_{ij}, 0<i<j+1<\infty)$ is an infinite array of i.i.d real variables with common distribution in the domain of attraction of an $\alpha$-stable law, $0<\alpha<2$, and $\sigma$ is a deterministic function. For a random diagonal $D_N$ independent of $Y_N^\sigma$ and with appropriate rescaling $a_N$, we prove that the distribution $\mu$ of $a_N^{-1}Y_N^\sigma + D_N$ converges in mean towards a limiting probability measure which we characterize. As a special case, we derive and analyze the almost sure limiting spectral density for empirical covariance matrices with heavy tailed entries. See more