Species dependence of the major late promoter in adenovirus type 12 DNA.

Affordable Access

Species dependence of the major late promoter in adenovirus type 12 DNA.

Publication Date
Nov 01, 1985
  • Medicine


In hamster cells human adenovirus type 12 (Ad12) is deficient in DNA replication and late gene expression whereas adenovirus type 2 (Ad2) can replicate. Functions located in the E1 region of the Ad2 or adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) genome can complement the deficiencies of the Ad12 genome in hamster cells, but, infectious viral particles are not produced. We have now investigated the activity of the major late promoter of Ad2 and of Ad12 DNA in human and hamster cells. This promoter governs the expression of most of the late viral functions. We have inserted the major late promoter (MLP) of Ad2 or of Ad12 DNA in front of the chloramphenicol acetyl transferase gene in the pSVO-CAT construct. Upon transfection into uninfected human and hamster cells, the pAd12MLP-CAT construct shows no significant activity; the pAd2MLP-CAT construct exhibits low activity. In Ad12-infected human cells, both constructs are active. These findings support the notion that other viral factors are required for MLP activity of Ad2 or Ad12 DNA in permissive human cells. In Ad2-infected hamster cells, both the pAd2MLP-CAT and the pAd12MLP-CAT constructs are active. Apparently, the Ad12 MLP can be activated by Ad2 functions, as already demonstrated for the entire Ad12 genome in double-infected cells or in Ad2- or Ad5-transformed cells superinfected with Ad12. In Ad12-infected hamster cells, however, the MLP of Ad12 DNA is inactive but that of Ad2 DNA shows activity. Thus the MLP of Ad12 DNA somehow differentiates between cellular auxiliary functions of different species.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Report this publication


Seen <100 times