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Spatiotemporal progression of neurodegeneration and glia activation in the wobbler neuropathy of the mouse.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Neuroreport
0959-4965
Publisher
Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer) - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication Date
Volume
10
Issue
16
Pages
3411–3416
Identifiers
PMID: 10599854
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The wobbler mouse (phenotype WR; genotype wr/wr) has been investigated as a model for neurodegenerative diseases like SMA and ALS. A new diagnostic marker based on a polymorphism in the closely linked chaperonine gene Cct4 enabled us to diagnose the allelic status at the wr locus within the original background strain C57BL/6. Using this marker, we investigated the spatiotemporal progression of neuropathology in WR mice from postnatal day (d.p.n.) 10 to 60. Neurodegeneration starts at 13 d.p.n. in the thalamus (N. ventralis), in deep cerebellar nuclei, brain stem (N. vestibularis) and spinal cord interneurons. The motor nuclei of spinal nerves and motoneurons degenerate from 15 d.p.n. onward. Reactive astrocytes are observed around 17 d.p.n. in the white and grey matter of the spinal cord. Microgliosis occurs only from 23 d.p.n. onward. Our data demonstrate that in the WR disease, neurodegeneration in thalamus, cerebellum, and brain stem precedes motoneuron degeneration, astrogliosis and microgliosis.

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