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Spatial and Temporal Distance Between the Victim and Offender as a Factor in Protective Order Violations: How Much Distance is Enough?

Authors
  • Bench, Lawrence L1
  • Allen, Terry1
  • Douglas, Emily1
  • 1 University of Utah, Utah, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Violence against women
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2022
Volume
28
Issue
10
Pages
2359–2376
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/10778012211032709
PMID: 34677106
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Research on the effectiveness of protective orders indicates that they have only marginal protective value for the victim. This exploratory study investigated how the physical distance and temporal distance between the victim and offender corresponds to the percent of protective order violations. Results indicated that the percent of protective order violations was reduced to virtually zero when the victim and offender lived 25 miles or more apart. Surprisingly, this condition held for all types of contacts examined (physical, telephone, and cyber). The study concludes with a discussion of the policy implications of the findings and suggestions for future research.

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