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Spatial distribution of glutamate, taurine and GABA in teleosts and mammals retina: in vivo and in vitro study.

Authors
  • Lima, L1
  • Matus, P
  • Drujan, B
  • 1 Laboratorio de Neuroquimica, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas, Caracas, Venezuela. , (Venezuela)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1989
Volume
7
Issue
3
Pages
295–300
Identifiers
PMID: 2569259
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Teleost and amphibian retina grows throughout life at the circumferential margin distal to the center. Retinas of two teleosts, goldfish and Eugerres plumieri; and two mammals, rat and rabbit were dissected into concentric regions; center and periphery; or center, intermediate and periphery. The concentration of glutamic acid, taurine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid was determined in these areas. A non-significant difference was found between the center and periphery of retinas dissected into two regions. By dissecting the teleost retina in three concentric regions a progressive increase of gamma-aminobutyric acid and taurine for center to periphery was observed, which was statistically significant for taurine. Rat and rabbit retina did not present this difference. The concentration of these amino acids was also determined in two concentric regions of goldfish retina 24 hr after crush of the optic nerve. Taurine content significantly increased in the center of the regenerating retina, but not in the periphery. Outgrowth was measured in explants prepared from central and peripheral retina in the presence of exogenous taurine. The amino acid produced an increase of the nerve growth index of central explants, but inhibited the growth from peripheral explants. This report presents a correlation between taurine concentration in a region of the retina that could be considered as embryonic tissue, suggesting that this amino acid plays a role in the formation of new cells. Moreover, the results from post-crush and cultured retina, with respect to taurine concentration or regenerating effect, suggest a saturation of the taurine-enriched zone.

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