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Spanish Bilingual Morphosyntactic Development in Bilingual Children With and Without Developmental Language Disorder: Articles, Clitics, Verbs, and the Subjunctive Mood.

Authors
  • Castilla-Earls, Anny1
  • Ronderos, Juliana1, 2
  • Fitton, Lisa3
  • 1 Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Houston, TX.
  • 2 Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Boston University, MA.
  • 3 Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of South Carolina, Columbia.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
Publication Date
Dec 11, 2023
Volume
66
Issue
12
Pages
4678–4698
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1044/2023_JSLHR-23-00091
PMID: 37586692
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the growth of previously established clinical markers of developmental language disorder (DLD) in Spanish-speaking bilingual children with and without DLD. Forty-three bilingual children with DLD and 57 typically developing children were tested 3 times over a 2-year period. Their average age at Time 1 was 5;10 (years;months). All children completed an elicitation task examining the production of articles, clitics, verbs, and the subjunctive mood in Spanish at each time point, in addition to other behavioral testing in Spanish and English. We used growth curve analysis to examine change patterns of the morphosyntactic structures over time. At the onset of the study, children without DLD produced higher accuracy rates than children with DLD across all morphosyntactic structures. In addition, there was a positive effect of time on all structures. Furthermore, the interaction between time and DLD was statistically significant for clitic pronouns. In agreement with previous literature on language growth in monolingual children with DLD, bilingual children with DLD showed language growth that was parallel to that of bilingual children without DLD but with significantly lower levels of attainment. https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.23810820.

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