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Sources of stress among domestic and international students: a cross-sectional study of university students in Amsterdam, The Netherlands

  • Amanvermez, Yagmur;
  • Karyotaki, Eirini;
  • Cuijpers, Pim;
  • Ciharova, Marketa;
  • Bruffaerts, Ronny; 59290;
  • Kessler, Ronald C;
  • Klein, Anke M;
  • Wiers, Reinout W;
  • de Wit, Leonore M;
Publication Date
Dec 04, 2023
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High perceived stress is associated with psychological and academic difficulties among college students. In this study, we aimed to investigate associations of student status (international vs domestic student in the Netherlands) with eight common sources of stress (i.e., financial, health, love life, relationship with family, relationship with people at work/ school, the health of loved ones, other problems of loved ones, and life in general). Participants were 2,196 college students (domestic: n = 1,642, international: n = 554) from two universities in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Hierarchical linear regression analyses were used to estimate associations of student status with all eight sources of stress. Student status was significantly associated with higher levels of perceived stress in almost all life domains. International student status was significantly associated with higher perceived stress in the domains of financial situation and health of loved ones after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and other sources of stress. Findings highlight that several differences exist in the magnitude of perceived stress in certain areas between international and domestic students in the Netherlands. Consequently, it is essential to uncover the different needs of college students and develop specific strategies to deliver the most suitable services. / status: Published online

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