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Sonoelectrochemical Synthesis of Nano Zinc (II) Complexes with 9-Anthracenecarboxylic Acid: Effect of Current Density and Study of their Photophysical Properties

Authors
  • Shahrjerdi, Akram1
  • Davarani, Saied Saeed Hosseiny1
  • 1 Shahid Beheshti University G.C, Faculty of chemistry, Tehran, 1983963113, Iran , Tehran (Iran)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Fluorescence
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Aug 12, 2016
Volume
26
Issue
6
Pages
2053–2061
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10895-016-1900-6
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

A new zinc complex, [Zn (9-AC)2] (1) (9-AC = 9-anthracenecarboxylic acid), was prepared via conventional electrochemical method in a fast and facile process and fully characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, IR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The nano structures of the same compound were successfully produced by a facile and environment-friendly sonoelectrochemical route at different current densities (0.5, 1.2, 1.8, 2.5 and 3.5 mA/cm2). The new nano-structure particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, IR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. Thermal stability of single crystal and nano-size samples of the prepared compound was studied by thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis. The comparison of the effect of current density without and with ultrasonic irradiation on particle size has been investigated in convectional electrochemical and sonoelectrochemical method respectively. The results showed that using ultrasonic irradiation with increasing the current density lead to decrease the particle sizes unlike conventional electrochemical method. In other words, when the current density increase from 0.5 to 3.5 mA/cm2, in sonoelectrochemical method, the particle sizes decrease from 100 to 48 nm while, in convectional electrochemical method, the particle sizes increase from 400 to 1200 nm and possible explanation offered. Photoluminescence properties of the nano-structured and crystalline bulk of the prepared complex at room temperature in the solid state have been investigated in detail. The results indicate that the size of the complex particles has an important effect on their optical properties.

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