Affordable Access

Solving the strong CP problem with horizontal gauge symmetry

  • Choi, Gongjun
  • Yanagida, Tsutomu T.
Publication Date
Sep 10, 2019
External links


We present a solution to the strong CP problem, which relies on the horizontal gauge symmetry and CP invariance in a full theory. Similar to other Nelson-Barr type solutions, CP violation in both the strong and weak sectors in the Standard model (SM) is attributed to the condensation of complex scalars $\Phi$ in the model. The model is differentiated by others in that it explains the hierarchy in quark-Higgs Yukawa coupling in the SM based on a series of sequential breaking of the horizontal $SU(3)_{f}$ gauge symmetry. The experimental constraint $\overline{\theta}\lesssim10^{-10}$ requires $<\!\!\Phi\!\!>\,\lesssim\,10^{13}-10^{14}{\rm GeV}$ (vacuum expectation value of complex scalars) and $\lambda\,\lesssim\,10^{-6}$ (scalar quartic coupling). We show that this small coupling is natural in the sense of 'tHooft naturalness. Compared to other models of Nelson-Barr type with CP breaking scale $\Lambda_{CP}\lesssim10^{8}{\rm GeV}$, our model is more advantageous in terms of consistency with the thermal leptogenesis.

Report this publication


Seen <100 times