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Solubility and dissolution properties of generic rifampicin raw materials.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Drug development and industrial pharmacy
Publication Date
Volume
26
Issue
4
Pages
403–408
Identifiers
PMID: 10769781
Source
Medline

Abstract

Rifampicin shows polymorphism; therefore, it is necessary to select a suitable crystal form at an early stage of development to ensure optimum solubility and dissolution rates. This study was an investigation into the crystal properties of several rifampicin raw materials currently being used by manufacturers of generic rifampicin raw materials in South Africa. Powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared (IR) spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The solubility in water and dissolution properties in water, buffer pH 7.4 and 0.1 M HCl, were also measured. The main difference between the powders was the amorphous content. XRD, IR, and DSC methods could detect the presence of amorphous rifampicin. In contrast to expectations, an increase in amorphous content significantly reduced the dissolution rate of the powders in water and buffer pH 7.4. This behavior was attributed to the electrostatic properties of the very fine particles in the amorphous powders. The results of this study showed that the physical properties of rifampicin raw materials varied not only among manufacturers, but also among batches from the same manufacturer.

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