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Solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of tamoxifen and its major metabolites in breast tumour tissues.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of chromatography. B, Biomedical sciences and applications
Publication Date
Volume
698
Issue
1-2
Pages
269–275
Identifiers
PMID: 9367217
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A sensitive (200 ng/g) and selective reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography separation has been developed to determine the levels of tamoxifen, 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OH) and desmethyltamoxifen (DMT) in tumour tissue taken from patients undergoing tamoxifen therapy. A muBondapak C18 10 microm column (30 cm x 3.8 mm I.D.) was used, with a mobile phase of methanol-1% triethylamine at pH 9 (89:11, v/v). Sample preparation was carried out using a C2 (500 mg sorbent, 3 ml reservoirs) solid-phase extraction method, and extraction efficiencies were followed in individual extracts using a [3H]TAM radiolabelled spike (10000 dpm), with a range of 60-90%. Accuracy and precision (standard deviation) as determined from tumour spiked with radioinert tamoxifen and its metabolites ranged from 83.4-92.3% (+/-23-33%) at 20 microg/g; 85.2-87.7% (+/-18-23%) at 2 microg/g; 88-101% (+/-15-50%) at 0.2 microg/g and 63-94% (+/-13-24%) at 0.02 microg/g. Results from seventy-two patients show mean values (+/-S.D.) of 174+/-203 ng/g for 4-OH; 783+/-1326 ng/g for DMT and 410+/-458 ng/g for TAM, variations reflecting heterogeneity in levels between patients. This methodology can be routinely applied to the determination of tamoxifen and its metabolites in tumour tissues from patients undergoing tamoxifen therapy.

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