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Sociodemographic Factors and Medication Administration Factors Affecting Re - Hospitalization in Patients with Schizophrenia - Spectrum Disorders.

Authors
  • Papakostas, Serafeim1
  • Dar, Ayesha2
  • Ratna, Lawrence2
  • 1 R&D Department, Barnet Enfield & Haringey Mental Health NHS Trust, London, UK. [email protected]
  • 2 R&D Department, Barnet Enfield & Haringey Mental Health NHS Trust, London, UK.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Psychiatric Quarterly
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2020
Volume
91
Issue
4
Pages
1363–1369
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11126-020-09756-z
PMID: 32405798
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Schizophrenia - spectrum disorders have been shown to have large economic costs for the society due to hospitalizations. Long Acting Injections (LAIs) have been shown to promote adherence and reduce hospitalizations. However, socio-demographic and environmental variables have been shown to be associated with relapses. The present study attempted to explore relationships between rehospitalisation and such variables by analysing data from the Attitudes Study. Our findings validate previous literature on LAIs showing a larger effect of route of drug administration on hospitalizations. However, our study also highlights the importance of living circumstances and ethnicity that were shown to have an effect on hospitalizations and explained a larger part of the variance when it came to furthers hospitalisations. Furthermore, associations of variables relating to disease history with variables like gender, education and employment are presented highlighting the importance of a multi-approach model when it comes to preventing future hospitalizations.

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