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Socio-demographic Correlates of Fathers' and Mothers’ Parenting Behaviors

Authors
  • Van Holland De Graaf, Jacobien1
  • Hoogenboom, Marcel2
  • De Roos, Simone3
  • Bucx, Freek3
  • 1 Zeist Municipality, Zeist, The Netherlands , Zeist (Netherlands)
  • 2 Utrecht University, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Heidelberglaan 1, Utrecht, 3584 CS, The Netherlands , Utrecht (Netherlands)
  • 3 The Netherlands Institute for Social Research (SCP), The Hague, The Netherlands , The Hague (Netherlands)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Publisher
Springer US
Publication Date
Mar 22, 2018
Volume
27
Issue
7
Pages
2315–2327
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10826-018-1059-7
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated whether fathers’ and mothers’ parenting behavior is differentially related to parental factors (such as age and employment), child factors (age and gender) as well as social support. Parents reported on their use of a broad range of parenting behaviors, including affection, responsivity, explaining, autonomy, support, rewarding, and punishing. We used survey data from the Netherlands for 1197 mothers and 903 fathers of children aged 2 to 17. Seemingly unrelated regression analyses were conducted to combine the regression results on the separate subsamples (fathers and mothers) and to test for differences in the coefficients between those subsamples. Our expectation that the parenting behavior of fathers is more dependent on parents’ characteristics, children’s characteristics, and social support than that of mothers was only partly confirmed by the results of our analysis. In general, our results suggest that fathers’ parenting behaviors seem to be associated with parental and child characteristics and contextual factors in ways that are similar to how these factors are associated with mothers’ parenting behaviors. Results are discussed in relation to the roles and expectations associated with motherhood and fatherhood.

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