Socio-economic characterization of the traditional cacao agroforestry system (Theobroma cacao L.)

Affordable Access

Download Read

Socio-economic characterization of the traditional cacao agroforestry system (Theobroma cacao L.)

Authors
  • Ballesteros Possú, William
  • Navia, Jorge Fernando
  • Solarte, Jesus Geovanny
Type
Published Article
Journal
Revista de Ciencias Agrícolas
Publisher
Universidad de Narino
Publication Date
Sep 18, 2021
Accepted Date
May 18, 2021
Volume
38
Issue
2
Pages
17–35
Identifiers
DOI: 10.22267/rcia.213802.156
Source
MyScienceWork
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Cacao farmers face many challenges to increase yield while adjusting their farms to future environmental and socio-economic uncertainties. Improving the management practices of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) cultivation systems requires knowledge of their baseline and the determining factors affecting them. The main goal of this research was to characterize traditional cacao agroforestry systems of smallholder farmers in the Municipality of Tumaco, Nariño, Colombia. Using a semi-structured survey and a sample of 218 farmers, the socioeconomic characteristics of the cacao production system were analyzed. Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) and principal component analysis (PCA) grouped and discriminated the cacao growers. The PCA formed five components representing 50.86% of the total variability, while the ACM grouped them into five factors explaining 29.82% of the variability. The cacao cultivation is a traditional activity of smallholder farmers with very low yields. The age of the farmers is over 50 years old, with despicable levels of education; there was no evidence of generational change. The study shows that the traditional cacao production system is not an attractive activity for young people or investors given its marginality and low economic projection. Timely strategies and subsequent early actions will be imperative to face the main environmental, socio-economic, and productive challenges, which will allow the cacao activity to be a source of well-being for cacao growers and the environment in the region.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times
Downloaded <100 times