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Social-class differences in self-concept clarity and their implications for well-being.

Authors
  • Na, Jinkyung1
  • Chan, Micaela Y2
  • Lodi-Smith, Jennifer3
  • Park, Denise C2
  • 1 1 Sogang University, Korea. , (North Korea)
  • 2 2 University of Texas at Dallas, USA.
  • 3 3 Canisius College, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of health psychology
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2018
Volume
23
Issue
7
Pages
951–960
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1359105316643597
PMID: 27114215
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

A consistent/stable sense of the self is more valued in middle-class contexts than working-class contexts; hence, we predicted that middle-class individuals would have higher self-concept clarity than working-class individuals. It is further expected that self-concept clarity would be more important to one's well-being among middle-class individuals than among working-class individuals. Supporting these predictions, self-concept clarity was positively associated with higher social class. Moreover, although self-concept clarity was associated with higher life satisfaction and better mental health, the association significantly attenuated among working-class individuals. In addition, self-concept clarity was not associated with physical health and its association with physical health did not interact with social class.

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