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Social inhibition and emotional distress in patients with coronary artery disease: The Type D personality construct.

Authors
  • Timmermans, Ivy1, 2
  • Versteeg, Henneke2
  • Duijndam, Stefanie1
  • Graafmans, Corine1
  • Polak, Peter3
  • Denollet, Johan1
  • 1 Tilburg University, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 2 University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 3 St. Anna Hospital Geldrop, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of health psychology
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2019
Volume
24
Issue
14
Pages
1929–1944
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1359105317709513
PMID: 28810489
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

We examined the validity of the social inhibition component of Type D, its distinctiveness from negative affectivity, and value regarding emotional distress as measured with the DS14 in 173 coronary artery disease patients. In dimensional analysis, social inhibition and negative affectivity emerged as distinct traits. Analysis of continuous negative affectivity and social inhibition measures showed main effects for several emotional and inhibition markers and an interaction effect for social anxiety. Categorical analysis indicated that Type D patients reported more depression, negative mood, social anxiety, and less positive mood. Social inhibition is not a redundant trait, but has additional conceptual value.

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