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[Social inequality, migration, and healthy environments as determinants of overweight of children and adolescents. Results of the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study (KOPS)].

Authors
  • Lange, D
  • Plachta-Danielzik, S
  • Landsberg, B
  • Müller, M J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2010
Volume
53
Issue
7
Pages
707–715
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00103-010-1081-4
PMID: 20631975
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study aimed at studying the relationships between different social determinants, overweight, migration background, lifestyle factors, and neighborhood characteristics in children and adolescents aged 6-14 years. Data were collected within the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study (KOPS). The lower the social status, the higher the prevalence of overweight (e.g., parental education low/middle/high,%: 18.4/13.6/7.9). Non-German children are twice as often overweight as German children (20.2% versus 11.7%) with a social gradient in overweight (%: 26.0/28.2/17.2). There are social differences in health-related behavior between the social groups and also between German and non-German children of the same social group. The social gradient in overweight is, in part, independent of lifestyle factors. Neighborhood characteristics like high food supply and traffic density add to the development of overweight. To summarize, overweight is a social issue; direct prevention has to address the social determinants of health as well as families with migration background. In addition, the development of "healthy" neighborhoods may support the prevention of overweight.

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