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Social and behavioral health responses to COVID-19: lessons learned from four decades of an HIV pandemic

Authors
  • Eaton, Lisa A.1
  • Kalichman, Seth C.1
  • 1 University of Connecticut,
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Publisher
Springer US
Publication Date
Apr 25, 2020
Pages
1–5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10865-020-00157-y
PMID: 32333185
PMCID: PMC7182505
Source
PubMed Central
License
Unknown

Abstract

Our public health approaches to addressing COVID-19 are heavily dependent on social and behavioral change strategies to halt transmissions. To date, biomedical forms of curative and preventative treatments for COVID-19 are at best limited. Four decades into the HIV epidemic we have learned a considerable amount of information regarding social and behavioral approaches to addressing disease transmission. Here we outline broad, scoping lessons learned from the HIV literature tailored to the nature of what we currently know about COVID-19. We focus on multiple levels of intervention including intrapersonal, interpersonal, community, and social factors, each of which provide a reference point for understanding and elaborating on social/behavioral lessons learned from HIV prevention and treatment research. The investments in HIV prevention and treatment research far outweigh any infectious disease in the history of public health, that is, until now with the emergence of COVID-19.

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